Projects in Tanzania
Title: NADO in focus
Project period: March 2012- December 2016
Budget: DKK 9,500,000
Partner organisation: Njombe Agricultural Development Organisation (NADO)
Background and target group
The rural populations around Njombe in southern Tanzania have trouble reaching the authorities with their problems and to influence the political strategies that the local government is responsible for. There are few organizations in the area who speak poor farmers' case. The churches in the area play an important role in relation to unity and can offer some benefits in the form of e.g. health care, education, etc., however these organizations are often very top down controlled. Organizations such as NADO have a different focus and this is to increase people's livelihood and to seek to influence local decision makers to make policy decisions and create strategies for development to benefit the target groups.
The background for this project is a need for effective and practical learning methods for subsistence farmers in Tanzania. The predominant method in Tanzania and many other African countries and has been "Train and Visit" (T & V), where agricultural advisors come in a short visit and presents technical methods through "blackboard teaching," and this has proved to be relatively inefficient, because it is not participant inclusive. As a consequence of this is seen no production-related growth. Contrary to this, ADDA has very good experiences from Southeast Asia from Farmer Field Schools and the method is requested and adapted to an African context.
The target groups is the partner organization NADO and its members: the local farmers. Through capacity building the organization will be able to contribute to positive development processes in the community and the farmers and their families will benefit from the project through agricultural training. According to a census in 2010, Njombe has 362,411 inhabitants distributed over 76,000 households. This project will directly involve 9,000 households and from those a minimum of 6750 (75%) will be women.
Purpose and method
The overall aim is to raise the living standards of rural population in the project areas. It is a goal that NADO will have acquired skills in participatory training and gender advocacy that can support civil society in the areas Wanging'ombe, Makambako and Njombe. The goal is that NADO, through capacity building, is able to provide agricultural training in order to improve productivity and thereby a higher income. NADO's job is also to help in organizing the farmers in the farmer groups. By being a member of a farmer group the individual farmer's costs in terms of inputs will decrease additional there will be an easier access to information, financial services (e.g. from banks) and marketing and this can result in higher profits for the individual farmer. It is through the farmer groups that a strong civil society is built, as they can stand strong together and advocate for better conditions to local authorities.
The project aims to strengthen NADO to influence political decisions on the parts of the official agricultural strategy, on areas which are not immediately executed. These include women's rights to land and the agricultural subsidies that make the competitive conditions unfavorable for small subsistence farmers.